12 january 2017, 20:03
Washington eng. Washington D.C. MFA ˈwɑʃɪŋtən ˌdiː ˌsiː city the capital of the United States of America.
The official name of the district of Columbia is a separate territory not part of any one of the States. The city was founded in 1791 and named after George Washington the first American President. 1871 Washington along with Georgetowne and a number of other territories United in D.C. eng. District of Columbia abbreviated as D.
C. Di-si. Not to be confused with the town of the same state in the North-West of the country, Americans colloquially usually called the city D. C or Washington DC.
The city is located on the North Bank of the Potomac river and shares borders with Virginia to the southwest and Maryland on all other sides. The permanent population is over 600 thousand people1 due to the arrival of commuters during the working week it is increased to one million.
The population of the Washington Metropolitan area which is part of the city is 54 million people according to this indicator, the agglomeration ranks eighth in стране2.
In Washington there are the main offices of all three branches of the Federal government including the residence of the US President in the White house and many monuments and museums of national importance. There are dozens of embassies, the headquarters of the world Bank, the International monetary Fund, Organization of American States inter-American development Bank, pan American organization zdravoohraneniya.
Washington manages the municipal Council of 13 members headed by the mayor, however, the U.S. Congress has Supreme authority over the city and can cancel the laws adopted by the Council.
Therefore, residents of the city have fewer rights to self-governance than residents of the States. The County has a non-voting delegate in the House of representatives of the us Congress but not their representatives in the Senate. Prior to the ratification of the twenty-third amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1961, residents of the district also had the right to vote in presidential Wyborcha.
The city's motto is the Latin.
Justitia Omnibus English. Justice for All Justice for all.
According to modern archaeology about the Anacostia river at least as early as 4,000 years ago there lived the indigenous американцы3. The Europeans explored this area from the beginning of the XVII century one of the first was captain John Смит45. On the site of the present city of Washington was home to several settlements and villages.
The first colonial landowners in the territory of Columbia were George Thompson and Thomas Gerrard.
In 1662 they donated the land around Capitol hill and other areas down to the Potomac river. Thompson.
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