BIOGRAPHIC INDEX A portrait of Washington with bills 1 dollar George Washington was born in VIRG

12 january 2017, 20:01

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BIOGRAPHIC INDEX A portrait of Washington with bills 1 dollar George Washington was born in Virginia in the family of a wealthy planter. Independently studied a number of Sciences including topography and military history. In 1751 he inherited a rich estate in The Potomac and became a shareholder of the Ohio company sold lands seized from the Indians. Washington soon received the rank of major Virginia colonial militia. In 1754 year he participated in the battles with the French troops near Fort Dukan captured when defending the Fort Necessity. The French let Washington and his squad with military honors then he retired from service.

But next year Washington re-entered the colonial the militia with the rank of Colonel. In may 1756, when Europe began Seven years ' war and Britain faced in the the war with France, Colonel George Washington led the defense of the Western the boundaries of Virginia from the French. In 1759 he resigned and engaged in social activities. Before that, he tried to enlist in the ranks of the regular the British army but was refused. Soon he was elected a member of the legislative Assembly of Virginia, of the 1st and 2nd The continental congresses. At the beginning of the war of independence in North America 1775-1783 years Washington appeared before the deputies The continental Congress in a military uniform and offered his services as a warlord.

The Congress unanimously adopted the decision on creation of the Continental army. The continental army was formed from militias of the various States bad armed and trained. General Washington set a goal to turn it into regular army and create a military fleet. Drawing on the revolutionary enthusiasm Americans George Washington was able to a short time to create regular and an efficient army which is now successfully acted against the British in conjunction with partisan detachments. Commander took steps to protect the city of Philadelphia prevented the invasion of the Royal troops from Canada. To create a truly regular army its commander-in-chief, with the consent the United States government and congressmen invited the military specialists from Europe.

Time militias was in the past. The organization of the combat training of the American army especially a large role was played by a military expert of Prussia, Baron von Steuben. In the summer of 1778 France declared war UK and became more active to support the American rebels. In June 1779 the example of France was followed by Spain. To help the American colonists came the French fleet under the command of Admiral Jean Baptiste d'estaing with a 4-strong landing on Board who participated in unsuccessful siege of the seaside town Savannah. 20.

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